SHERWOOD OF ENGLAND
over Sherwood the south wind blows,
from reprints of British Mss., and other reliable sources of genealogical
research between 1878 and 1928
by MARY SHERWOOD HALE.
I did conceive would be an act of piety to those that are dead and
(This article was OCR scanned by Phil Sherwood from a photocopy of the original supplied by Mrs Jura M Sherwood in 1998. The original article was written by Mrs. Mary Sherwood Hale of Chicago ca1928, publisher unknown, Dewey Classn. 929.2 Sh58S?) The opinions expressed are not necessarily those of our Sherwood One-Name Study Group.
These papers are not intended to establish a line of pedigree; their purpose being only to show by a succession of highlights the prevailing family keynote. There is revealed of line of powerful Ecclesiastics, connected with Court life: men of learning, wit, and accomplishment, with noticeable gifts in language, music and poetry. Likewise a line of Scholars of repute. A list of such, with properly cited authorities is given on another sheet of this sheaf of papers, that follow in the main the right path, though showing an occasional blunder made as I blazed my own unaided way along an unknown and unrecorded line of investigation.
Scirwudu (958) Saxon ancestor of the Sherwoods, and Waltheof (969) Saxon
ancestor of the Nevil Earls of Northumberland flourished, the Saxons from
south of the Elbe had held intermittent rule in Northumberland since the 5th
cent. They, with the Angles from north of the Elbe, had driven back the Britons,
Pict and Scots, until Northumberland included the Scottish lowlands on the
north, and on the south Westmoreland, Durham, Yorkshire, Lincolnshire, etc. From
time to time the Danes had landed, overrun some of this territory, destroying
records and property, and holding brief reign.
The last and greatest of these, Canute (1017) built a mansion in
Staindrop-on-the-Tees, Co. Durham.
In the 6th Cent., the Anglian king Ida (d.559) and his 12 sons had driven the
British king Arthur from his "Seat" in Northumberland near the Firth
of Forth, and in 617 the Saxon king Edwy built a stronghold castle near the Seat
and named the place Edinburgh. Between 954 and 971, the Earls of Northumberland
withdrew from Edinburgh, leaving it to the Scots, and in 1017 it was
incorporated with Scotland. That Scirwudu had connection with the Saxon castle
of Edinburgh seems indicated; the Saxon kings occupied the old Northumbrian
Capitol at Bamburgh Castle,--the Joyeuse Gards of Lancelot, and there were other
Fortress castles at Knaresborough, Hartlepool, Chester-le-street. Durham,
The Saxons, whose religion included Woden and the other gods of Valhalla
early accepted Christianity, and in the day of Scirwudu and Waltheof several
bishoprics existed at Lindisfarne, Durham, York, Lindissi (Lincoln), and both
Sherwoods and Nevils were early established at Durham, Lincoln, and undoubtedly
Lindisfarne. Waltheof's son m. 1st a dau.
of Aldan, Bishop of Durham,--Saxon Bishops married-- and he m. 3rd, a dau. of
King Aethelred the Unready, whose dower included Raby-in-Staindrop, Teasdale
valley, Co. Durham, where Nevils and
Sherwoods have continued for more than 900 years. From a later Norman wife
Waltheof's descendants took the name of Nevil, and built the stronghold castle
of RABY, on the site of Canute's mansion, and the 5th Baron Raby became the 1st
Earl of Westmoreland.
becomes Scirewood and de Shyreswood toward the end of the Crusades. Fairbairn
gives a group of rose crests au naturel,--the Crusader's rose of Palestine,--in
which all roses are red and all names Scotch, Logie, Ross, MacCartney, etc.,
except the one white rose of Saxon Sherwood. Both Sherwoods and Nevil lost land
and lives through the attainder of Sir Chas. Nevil (1543-1608) Earl of
Westmoreland 1570 for his activities in "The Uprisings in the North".
In the list of property sequestrated by the Crown 1570, was that of his cousin
Sir Jno. Nevil of Leversedge, Yorks, which included Sherwood Hall, Egrough,
Yorkshire near Selby. Sir Jno. was a desc. of Alys. Sherwood. Thos. Sherwood was
Wracked in the Tower, in connection with the "Uprisings"
list: Wm. Scirewood, Archdeacon of Durham 1249; Wm. Archdeacon of Durham
1260, one of whom endowed University Coll. Oxford.; Wm. de Shyreswood Chancellor
of Lincoln 1249; Wm. Treas. of Lincoln d. 1258;
Cath. S. m. 1313 Rich. Ollyer "un des Compagnons du roi Ed.
II"; Willelmus de S. 1325-6, "Calend. Inquis. Ad quod Damnum";
Marg. Willel. and Alex. Yorkshire 1379; Alys m. Sir Jno. Nevil of Leversedge
cir. 1350. Raff Notts. cir. 1440; 'Wm. Bishop of Meath and Gov. of Ireland d.
1482; Jno. Bish. of Durham and lawyer for Ed. IV., it 1494; Thos. Wracked in
Tower 1577; Eliz. m. Maudesley of Essex,--rec. 1509-47; Beverly S. Wills Yorksh.
1529-1640; Sir Rich. Bedfordshire 1583; (See Somerset S. elsewhere). London
"Citizens of 1st Class".
1586-1655, “A Founder of New Eng.” 1634: Wm. 1st Att'y Genl of Va. 1688, d.
1698; Hugh, Governor's Ass't Md. 1692.
SHERWOOD COAT OF ARMS
a chevron between three mullets sable. Crest : A dexter hand holding a branch of
a rose tree argent, slipped, leaved vert. The time and circumstances of its
granting, I have not found, but the name is included among the existing Armigiri
at the second Visitation of the Heralds in 1563. The Harleian Society's Mss. is
somewhat confusing to consult, as the several series deal with
"Marriages" or "Wills", etc., but Foster's Pedigrees founded
on the "Visitations may be found by the perserving. Foster's Peds. in Vol.
XVI of Harl. Soc. gives the Vis. of Yorkshire, 1563, and on p. 228 gives Sir
Edmond Nevil of Leversedge. The same volume, p. 246; gives a Sherwood Ped.
Smith's "Old Yorkshire" Vol. IV, pp. 240-1-2, as well as Vol. Ill, p.
24, show the complete Nevil-Sherwood line. Papworth's Brit. Armorial, p. 459,
gives under "three mullets between" the armsof Sherwoods of York,
Newcastle, and Somerset. All are to be found in Burke's Gen'l Armory. Burke's
Illustrations, Plate LXXXVII, ed.1844 illustrates the above blazon as used in
the third quarter of Evans of Baymount Co. Dublin, & Robinstowe, West Meath.
Information concerning Eng. Coat Armour may be obtained from the College of
Arms, London. All early Eng. Rec. are Ecclesiastical, not Civic. Yeomen were not
included in any records prior to 1538. The rose is said to have been introduced
into England by Crusaders who brought it from Palestine, and the rose crest au
naturel, is therefore said to indicate an origin in a crusading ancestor, and is
called "the Crusader's rose." The Sherwood rose is the only white one
registered in Fairbairn. The motto: Fortitor et Fidelitor" may be freely
translated "Constant and True", as given by Fairbairn, who gives also
"Arma Spina Rosa", i.e. "The thorn is the defense of the
rose", and several other mottoes
are used by bearers of the rose au natural. Sherwood is quartered by Abbot of
Bellasis; by Nevil of Leversedge; by Evans of Baymount Ireland; by Oliviere de
Lorancourt, France; by Skeffington, Earls of Masserme, Antrim, Ireland.
(Lodge’s Peerage, Vol. II, 372 Dc Magney's Nobiliare, & Burke's Gen.
Sherwood 1586-1655, "A Founder of New Eng. (N. E. H&G Reg. Vol. XIV,
Sherwood 1688, first Att'y. Gen'l. of Va. 1677 (Fiske's Old
Sherwood, Governor's Ass't. Md. 1692 (C. D. A.)
SCIRWUDU-DE SHYRESWOOD-SCIREWOOD,-SHERWOOD of England
When the Angles and Saxons, who came into England from both borders of the river
Elbe in western Germany, retreated before the Vikings and Danes into central
England, they became known as the West Saxons. Their fifth king in succession
from Alfred the Gt. 901, was named Edwy, and among his Saxon subjects was
Scirwudu 958 ancestor of the Sherwoods. (Standard Dict. via Lexicographer.)
"Scir" signified fair, bright-colored, rather than Shire, and the
“wudu” may have borne some fanciful relation to Woden, the Saxon god of
wisdom and heroes, and father of the Valkyries.
In 1249, when the diocese of Lincoln included besides Lincolnshire;
Northamtonshire, Huntington: Bucks: Hertford: William de Shyres-Wood, Chancellor
of Lincoln died. (Brit.)
1258 Win. Shirwood Prebend of Aylesbury, was Treasurer of Lincoln (Dict. Nat.
1273 Ralph de Scirewood lived in Lincolnshire. (Bardsley's Dict. Surnames).
Catherine Sherwood, "heiress of her House," married Richard d'Olyer of
Yorkshire gr.son of deLacy, earl of Lincoln, and "un des compagnons de Roi
Edw. 11 1313.” See Oliviere de Lorancourt in de Magney's "Nobiliare de
France", which includes also the statement that the Sherwoods were among
the "best families of England." In 1326 Isabella "the she-wolf of
France" and the wife of Edw. II, who had been staying with her paramour
Mortimer in France, landed with him in Suffolk and were as Catholics supported
by the Archbishop of Canterbury, and the King was forced to flee into Wales. In
1327 he was deposed for weak control of the Nation, and for indulgence in gifts
of manor lands to his favorites. The Calendorium Inquisitorium Edw. II to Hen.
VI., records the "damnum" i.e. excommunication, possibly execution of
Willelmus de Sherwood 1325-6. This Willelmus would seem to be of the family of
Catherine Sherwood d'Oliviere.
the middle of the 14th century Alys Sherwood married Sir Jno. Nevil of
Leversedge Yorkshire. For Sir Jno. Nevil of Leversedge Yorkshire 1379 see
Foster's Pedigrees vol. IV, p. 228. (See also Jacob's Peerage vol. II: Baronagium Genealogicum vol. IV.: Smith's
Old Yorkshire.) Sherwood is in 4th quarter of Nevil of Leversedge Shield. In
1359 Margaretta, Alex, and Willelmus de Shyrrewood, were of Yorkshire. (Bardsley.)
4. Wm. Sherwood d. 1482 was Lord Bishop of the Palatinate of Meath, Ireland, and Dep. Gov. of Ireland for Geo. Duke of Clarence, who was the son of Rich. Plantagenet duke of York by his wife Cecilly Nevil, dau. of Ralph Nevil 1st earl of Westmoreland and 6th Baron Raby, Yorkshire. He m. Joan Beaufort dau. of Jno. of Gaunt and Katherine Swynford, and thus Cecilly was gr.dau. of Jno. of Gaunt (See Dict. Nat. Biog. and Gilbert's Viceroys of Ireland).
Jno. Sherwood d. 1494 was Chancellor of
Exeter Cath. 1460, and Lord Bishop, of the Palatinate of Durham, 1484-94. He was
King's Advocate at Rome for Ed. IV. and proposed for Cardinal by Rich. III,
whose death prevented consummation. He brought the first Greek Library into
Eng., and wrote one of the first books printed there. He was a poet of merit. A
letter of his is 917 of Paston Letters. (See Dict. Nat. Biog.: Surtees Hist.
Durham.) Leland's Itinerary.
Castle came into possession of the crown in 1570, due to the connection of Chas.
Nevil 6th Earl of Westmoreland in the uprisings in the North. Sir Harry Vane,
Col. Gov. of Mass. bought it from the Crown. He was condemned for heresy.
Circa 1420 a Raff. Sherwood must have lived, as his dau. Anne m. Jno. Baynbrigge
of Durham, and their gr.gr.son d. 1575. In the Visitation of York 1563, under
Eliz., Wm. Sherwood, Clothdealer of Newcastle-on-Tyne, gave the 3 generations
required of the Armigers to establish their right to continue the use of the
Arms of their ancestors.
gave: "Raff Sherwood of Nottyngham begat John Sherwood son and heir, who m.
Jone, dau. of__Sherwyn of Stelington Yorkshire, and begat the present (1563) Wm.
of Newcastle, who m. Elenor, dau. of Pyter Chaytor of Croft. Wm. records also
his bro. "Thos. m. Isabel, no issue." Anne, dau. of Raff Sherwood, m.
Jno. Bowes of Middleton, Co. Durham, (Hutchinson's Durham), The
Bowes-Lyon, is in 1921 the largest landholder in Yorkshire and their heiress m.
the Duke of York, 2nd son of GEO. V. Sherwoods were still living in the Wear
valley of Durham and Yorkshire in 19th C. (Gentleman's Mag.)
Sherwood Ped. Harl. Soc. XVI, p.p. 285 and 228. See Hutch. Hist. Durham V. 3.
The easily proved connection between the Durham, Yorkshire, Nottynham,
Lincolnshire, Suffolk and London Sherwoods arises of course from their Saxon
origin in common. I have not learned the year nor circumstances of their Grant
of Arms, but that it was among the early ones is self-evident. Illustrations of
it may be found in Nevil of Leversedge, and in Ped. of Evans of Baymount,
Dublin, Co. Meath, Ireland. (Burke's Illustrations.)
The White Rose Crest "au
natural" is known as a Crusader's Crest. Sherwood of Newcastle varied his
own Line, according to custom, by a difference of color.
In the time of Hen. VIII (1509-47) Elizabeth Sherwood m. Richard Maudesley of
The Mere, Co. Suffolk; another branch probably of the Maudesleys of Derbyshire.
Between 1558-1583 the Bramfield Church Register, near the Maudesleys of the Mere
manor, records many Sherwoods among its vital statistics, of Owsden, Saxmundham,
Suffolk, the name Thomas being conspicuous. Between 1529-1640, 20 Sherwood wills
of "gentlemen" were probated in Yorshire, many near Beverly, a town
near Selby. The Genealogist "Vol. VI. gives a Ped. of Jno. Sherwood of East
Hendred, Berks which is probably that of Sherwood of Drayton, Berks, 1570-1902,
compiled by Geo. Tudor Sherwood of London.
the Inquisitions of Eliz. into the "Uprisings in the North", Thos.
Sherwood was examined upon the Wrack Nov. 17th 1577, and condemned to
the "rat dungeon" under the Thames. (Strickland, Vol.III, p. 349).
N.B. He was the first Catholic Martyr under the reign of
Elizabeth I to be hung, drawn and quartered at Tyburn.
Robert Sherwood of Coventry, Warwickshire, fl. 1520, was an eminent Hebraist and
Logician. Of the Coventry line is that of Mrs. Sherwood, author of "The
Fairfield Family" etc., and the wife of Capt. Henry Sherwood. As Mary
Martha Butts, she m. her cousin on her Sherwood side.
There was an eminent physician of Bath, Somerset 1599 named Reuben Sherwood; in
1620 Dr. Jno. Sherwood d. in Bath, and Dr. Reuben Sherwood lived in Abbey House,
Bath, and had as guest the Princess Anne; later he was known as physician to
Queen Anne, 1660-1705. (See Collinson's Somerset).
Henry Sherwood 1610, Reg. Univ. Oxford. Vol. ii, pt. ii, p. 317. Wm. Sherwood
1639-1728, Naturalist. A fellow of Oxford, where he endowed a Chair of Botany in
which he established Dillenius. He was a great traveller and student and came to
No. America in 1712, visiting Virginia and the Carolinas, where he discovered
the plant Gerardia, named for him. (Dict. Nat. Bi.) He was a son of
"Thos. Sherwood, Gent." of Bushby Lincolnshire, but resided at Tower
Hill London. Many Sherwoods lived in London where the citizens were divided into
four classes. The Sherwood are in Class A.
Sherwood 1666-1738, a brother of Wm. 1639-1728, botanist and cultivator of rare
plants, had "the finest garden in Eng." He carried into effect his
brother's Oxford endowment, and received the degree of M.D., and a Fellowship.
He was a gifted musician and composed twenty-four sonatas, for violin, cello,
1/2. Sir Richard Sherwood, b. cir. 1560, of Woodall, Bedfordshire, Knight.
Catherine Sherwood, his dau. m. Sir Wm. Skeffington, Earl of Masserine, an Irish
nobleman of Antrim, whose title is now extinct. In 1620, Sir Wm. d. ae.
20. Catherine m. 2nd Michael Bray, one of her grooms. A dispute arose between
Sir Jno. Skeffington, bro. and hr. of Wm., and Michael Bray, followed by a sword
duel in which Michael killed Sir Jno., who as he fell ran Bray through.
Wm. Sherwood, d. 1482, was Bishop of Meath; Evans who quartered Sherwood was of
Meath, and the Earls of Skeffington are buried there. (See Lodge' Irish Peerage,
Vol. II, p. 372), The family of Robert Sherwood, Ed of Life, and Author,
1928, is Irish. I don't know its origin.
Wm. Sherwood of London came to Va. with the Cavaliers, "he was a gentleman
and an aristocrat, and the first Att'y Gen'l. of Va." (Fiske's Hist. Va.)
Hugh Sherwood of London settled in Talbot Co. Md.... Governor's Ass't. 1692.
Sherwood 1585-1655, sailed from Ipswich with the Saltontall colonists 1634, and
settled in Fairfield, Ct. He said his line came from Sherwood Forest. This might
mean the Nottyngham line, or the Nevil-Sherwood line of Sherwood Hall, Egrough,
Osgodscrosse, Yorkshire, four miles south of Selby. (See property list of Jno.
Nevil; Glover and St. George VIs. York p. 567 and 246.
There seems considerable circumstantial evidence to show that in the 11th
and 12th centuries the Sherwoods were connected with the efforts to establish
Christianity in the Holy Islands, and later in Durham.
is a noticable connection with the Nevils,--also of Old English origin,--through
all the centuries. Waltheof, Officiary Earl of Northumberland 969 was the Nevil
Saxon ancestor, and there were Bishops and Ecclesiastics among his immediate
descendants connected with Durham Cath. (Jacob' Peerage) Scirewudu 956, Saxon
ancestor of the Sherwoods, and Waltheof 968, Saxon ancestor of the Nevils were
contemporaries. The present representative of the Nevils of Leversedge is Baron Braybrook.
St. Dunstan d. 968, Archbishop of Canterbury,
a son of a Saxon noble, was a contemporary of Scirewudu and Waltheof.
brief list of Englishmen of the name.
de Shyreswood, d. 1249, Chancellor of Lincoln. (Brittannica,)
Wm. Shirwood, Prebend of Ailesbury; Treasurer of Lincoln 1258 (Dic. Nat.
Ralph de Scirewood of Lincoln 1273. (Bardsley Dict. of Names.)
Catherine Sherwood married Richard Ollyer, grandson of de Lacy, Earl of
Lincoln, cir. 1313. (De Magney's Nobiliare de France,"Oliviere".)
Alys Sherwood married Sir John Nevil of Leversedge, Yorkshire, c. mid. 14
c. (Foster's Pedigrees; Harleian Soc. Pub. vol. 5, p. 228; Smith's Old Yorkshire
Margaretta, Alexander; and Willelmus de Shyreswood of Yorkshire 1379 (Bardsley
Wm. Sherwood d. 1482, Lord Bishop of the Palatinate of Meath, Ireland,
and Dep. Gov. of Ireland for Geo. Duke of Clarence, son of
Richard Plantagenet, Duke of York, and his wife Cecilly Nevil, dau. of Ralph Nevil, 1st Earl of Westmoreland, and 6th Baron of Raby,
by his 2nd wife Joan Beaufort Nevil, (Dict. Nat'l. Biog.: Leland's Hist.
Ireland: Gilbert's Viceroys of Ireland.)
John Sherwood d. 1494. Chancellor of Exeter Cath. Devon, 1460. Lord
Bishop of the Palantinate of Durham 1484. King's Advocate at Rome for Edward IV.
Proposed for Cardinal by Rich III, but negotiations stopped by death of Rich.
III. Wm. brought the first Greek Library into Eng., and kept it at his home at
Bishop's Auckland, Durham. He was a poet of considerable merit and a book of
his, early pub. by Caxton, is in Brit. Museum. (Dict. Nat. Biog.: Rhymer Foedora
XII: Surtees Hist. Durham: Paxton Letters No. 917: Leland Com.)
Robert Sherwood fl. 1520, Coventry, Warwickshr. Eminent Logician and
Hebraist. (Dict. Nat. Biog.; Dodd's Church Hist.)
Elizabeth Sherwood of temps Hen. VIII (1509-47) married Rich Maudesley of
the Mere, Suffolk. (Burke's Landed Gentry.)
Thos. Sherwood, Martyr, examined on Wrack Nov. 17 1577 during the
Inquisitions of Qn. Eliz. into the Uprisings in the North, and condemned to a
lingering death in the "Rat" Dungeon" under the Thames.
(Strickland, v. 3, p. 349.)
Sherwood Hall, Egrouh (Egrough?) parish Osgodscrosse, Liberty of Pontefract,near Selby
Abbey, Yorkshire-East Riding, was listed in the property of Sir John Nevil,
sequestrated by the Crown, because of his connection with his kinsman Charles
Nevil, Earl of Westmoreland, in "The Uprisings in 1570 the North," in
which the Percies, Howards and Nevils took part. Sherwood Hall was within the
boundaries of Old Sherwood Forest, from which Thos. Sherwood 1586-1655, of
Fairfield Ct. said he came.
Dr. Reuben Sherwood d. 1620, of Bath Abbey House, Somerset, Physician to
Qu. Anne, who spent much time at the Abbey while Princess Anne. (Collinson's
Somerset; Strickland's Queens of Eng.)
Wm. Sherwood, 1639-1728, son of Geo. Sherwood Gent. of Bushby,
Lincolnshire Naturalist and Traveler, endowed Chair of Botany at Oxford, and
installed Dillenius. Res. Tower Hill London. (D. Nat.Biog.) Visited No. Am.
above record is abbreviated from many many notes all gathered by original work
of Mary Sherwood Hale, Chicago, and perserved in the bound black book. From that
rec. of Research are also taken these
The Registry book of Bramfield Church, Co. Suffolk, contains vital
statistics of Sherwood 1559-1583. (Misc. Gen. and Her. vols. 3 and 4.)
Vital statistics of Beverly, Yorks, East Riding, Record 20 Sherwood wills
1529-1640. (Harl. Pub.)
A Drayton, Berks Ped., compiled by Geo. Tudor Sherwood, 50 Beecroft Road,
London, traces 1570-1902. (The Genealogist; Harl. Pub.)
Sherwood marriages recorded with: Bowes, Yorks; Craven, Yorks; Copley, Yorks.
Garnett of Durham; Sherwin of Yorks; Evans of Baymount, Meath; and Skeffington.
Nevils of Leversedge are now barons Braybrook of Audley End, Co. Essex.
Alan de Nevile, d. 1191, Chief Justice of Forests: Hugh, de N. with Rich. I
throughout Kingdom. (Matt. Paris) Chas. Nevil, 6th Earl Westmoreland, 1543-1601,
b. Raby Castle, Durham, attainted 1570. (N.B. 11 and 12 above.
Over 100 Monastic houses in Yorkshire at Dissolution Hen. VIII; 40 in Notts.
De Laceys of Lincolnshire, were Earls of Palatinate of Meath.
A. Johnstone-Sherwood marriage c. 1640 (See Lady Arabella Johnstone, dau. of
Earl of Lincoln) and a Butler-Sherwood marriage c. 1570 (See Appleton) point to
Sherwood ties with Saltonstall Col. Of Mass. Bay. Gov. Wyllys of Ct. used same
arms as Sherwood of Somerset.
OF NOTE of my father Nehemiah Sherwood, 1824-1893.
Long and careful study of de Shyreswood-Sherwood and allied lines of the
historical period, makes it pretty evident to my mind that they were, at an
early date, connected with the administration of Lindisfarne (Holy Island),
later absorbed by Durham,) where were laid the first enduring foundations of the
English Church. (See N. B.) See Scirwudu the Saxon 958. A.D. "Wudu the
Records give us Wm. de Shyreswood d. 1249, Chancellor of Lincoln, which diocese
then included portions of Counties adjoining the present diocese, (Brit.) : Wm.
Shirwood fl. 1258, Treasurer of Lincoln (Dic. Nat. Biog.): a group of that name
in Lincolns. 1273 (Bardsley).
Sherwood d. 1482, Lord Bishop of the Palatinate of Meath, Ireland, and Dep. Gov.
of Ireland for Geo. Duke of Clarence, the son of Rich. Plantagenet and the
gr.gr.dau. of Jno. of Gaunt, i.e. Cecilly, dau. of Ralph and Joan Beaufort)
Nevil, 1st Earl of Westmoreland and 6th Baron Raby, Co. Durham. (Gilbert's
Viceroys of Ireland).
Sherwood, d. 1494, Lord Bishop of Palatinate of Durham; King's Advocate at Rome
for Edw. IV., Rich. III, and Hen.. VII. Candidate for Cardinal of Rich. III,
whose death defeated project. Passed much time at Court of Marg. of Burgundy, in
Belgium. The members of these families were undoubtedly allied, and Sherwood of
York represented some of them. He is recorded in one of earliest Visitations,
and Thos. Sherwood 1586-1655 by Francis 1634 to Mass. Bay, sprang from their
stock. Nehe. Sherwood 1824-1893 was 8th in
desc. from Thos. 1586-1655.
Wm. Smith, b. 1460 Peel House Lancashire, made Bishop of Coventry and Lichfield,
1490; of Lincolnshire 1496, and Lord Pres. Of Wales 1501. He was educated in the
Household of Margaret Beaufort, Ctss. of Richmond and mother by Edmund Tudor of
Henry crowned Hen. VII. With Henry's son Arthur, Pr. of Wales, first husband of
Cath. of Aragon, Wm. lived at Ludlow Castle, while a Suffragan, managed the
Bishoprics, in the custom of time. With Sutton, Wm. Smith founded Brazenose Coll,
1751, the Coll. of Arms established the descent of Nehemiah Smith, 1605-1686,
from Bishop Wm. b. 1460, as above.
Abigail (Smith) Sherwood, mother of Nehemiah Sherwood 1824-'93, was 7thin
desc. from Rev. Nehe. Smith 1605-86.
Through Thos. Dudley 1576-1653, Col. Gov. of Mass., a line isestablished and
recognized through Charlemagne, via Win. Conq.; through Alf. Gt. via marriage of
his dau. Margaret to Malcom Canmore, and this includes Rob't. Bruce, 5th Earl of
Anandale. Gov. Dudley, 1576-1653, desc. of Barons Dudley, dukes of
Northumberland, was an ancestor of Betsey (Gee) Smith, gr.mother of Nehe.
Pilgrim Jno. Howland 1593-1673, By Mayflower to Plymouth 1620, was, it is
claimed, a desc. of Richard Howland, Bishop of Peterborough. By marriage of Jno.
4 Sherwood to Mary Gorham in 1761,descent is recognized from Pilgrim Jno.
Howland of Nehe Sherwood 1824-'93. No. 378.
Scirwudu 958, Saxon ancestor of the Sherwoods, shows the original form of the
name, and will some day afford a clue to the probable connection of their Saxon
ancestors with Lindisfarne and early Durham.
LINES OF NOTE of my mother Lucy (Rice) Sherwood 1835-1899
Ap Rhys, Princes of So. Wales, desc. of Dux Brit., Gwledigs, were Officers who
rode and guarded the Gt. North Wall. Pr. Uryan their desc. m. Margaret-le-Fay,
half sister of King Arthur. Their desc. Sir Rice ap Thomas Fitz Uryan, b. 1449,
accepted Eng. Knighthood and name "Rice" from Hen. VII, whom he
supported and crowned on Bosworth Field. Sir Rice's arms are over his seat
"No. 12" in St.George's Chapel at Windsor. His son, Sir Rice ap
Gruffyd Fitz Uryan, m. Cath. Howard, dau. of Premier, Duke of Norfolk, and for
supposed aspirations to throne as Pr. of Wales and son-in-law of Premier duke,
was executed by Hen. VIII, Desc. from this marriage is claimed for Rices of
America; Robert Royce d. 1676, of New London Ct., 7th in ascent, from Lucy Rice
who m. 1850, Nehe Sherwood.
De Tirel, Counts of Vexin, desc. of Viking Dukes of Normandy,took name of their
castle, 10 miles N.W. of Paris on a peninsula of Seine, and as Lord Protectors
of the Abbaye of St. Denis, were privileged to carry the Oriflamme, sacred
banner, and were hereditary Standard bearers of France. Later Tyrrells claim
desc. from Dukes of Normandy and Plantagenet kings, through the two marriages of
Joan Plantagenet, dau. of Edw. I, and Queen Eleanor.
Eleanor Montague, wife of Sir Geo. Tyrrell d. 1571 (descended from Drogo de
Monteacuto of Monteacuto-les-bois, Coutance, Normandy, 40 m. So. of Cherbourg.
Isabel Ufford, mother of the wife of Roger I Tyrrell of Milford Ct. 1639,
descended from Walter de Mallet of Normandy, and Sidton, Co. Suffolk, whose
descendant took name "de Ufford", and were Earls of Suffolk 1369-1381.
five Anglo-Norman lines briefly indicated above, and thoroughly worked out and
shown elsewhere in my papers are the lines of Lucy Lawrence Tyrrell 1796-1882,
who m. Gerry Rice 1795-1888, and they were the parents of Lucy Rice who m. 1850
Nehe. Sherwood 1824-93. Her descent is thus Welsh and Anglo Norman, while
Nehemiah Sherwood's, Saxon, and Anglo-Norman and my own therefore is chiefly
Anglo-Norman. England from 958-1620: American from1620-1928.
MARY SHERWOOD HALE.